Crew: 1 man crew. For racing, ideal weight of sailors should be between 60 and 85kgs.
Dimensions: 5.18 meters in length, 1.01 meters in width and ±63kg.
Sail Area: 10 square meters.
Class: Restricted (hull shape remains the same from year to year)
Characteristics: Powerful and extremely fast single handed sailing canoe.
Difficulty Level: Experienced
The International 10 Square Metre Canoe is the world's fastest single-handed monohull sailing dinghy, with a unique feature of a sliding seat that enables the helm to place his or her weight a long way out from the side of the hull.
It is a boat with a narrow bow entry and a planing hull, carrying a mainsail, and a jib (sometimes self tacking). Stability is achieved with a sliding seat on which the single crew member sits, effectively controlling the boat from 'outside'.
The combination of an easily driven hull with a highly developed and efficient sail plan, and the powerful righting moment afforded by the (single) crew positioned well away from the hull centerline provides possibly the most exhilarating and technically challenging sailing experience available in a mono-hulled craft.
The origins of the class can be traced back to the 1860s, and International competition with boats that are recognisably ancestors of the current boats started in 1884.
Peter Nethercott made the most recent changes to the Canoe hull – which has remained a basic one-design since 1971. Thirty years seems like a long time to retain the same shape, but there are minimal restrictions to deck layout and sail plan, so long as the main and jib only add up to 10sq m.
Rig control systems have improved alongside sailing techniques, with wood being superseded by carbon as the favoured material for hulls and decks, in addition to spars. Stiffer, lighter boats mean that 10kg of the all-up weight can now be provided by correctors, keeping older boats in the class happy until the time comes for weight reduction all round.
The most recent innovation is the asymmetric spinnaker, which has resulted in the class being split between those racing in IC Classic (ICC) or IC Asymmetric (ICA) mode.
Canoes are sailed by a small band of enthusiasts. Around 20-25 boats turn out for most open meetings, with all boats currently raced less than five years old. Hayling Island SC has the biggest fleet, while Ullswater SC packs the most talent having scored 1-2-3 at the nationals and 1-2 at the Europeans.